Core Indicator: Poverty

Poverty decreases the ability of people to meet basic needs such as food, housing, and health care.(1) The poverty rate measures the percentage of residents in families with incomes below the poverty threshold - In 2016, the poverty threshold for a family of four was about $24,563.(2)

Dashboard: Poverty Rate in Forsyth County

Trend: Forsyth County and Peer Communities

Figure 1: Percent of Residents in Poverty in Forsyth County and Peer Communities, 2006-2016

2009 data for Roanoke have a high level of variance and should be interpreted with caution.

Forsyth County and Peer Communities

Figure 2: Percent of Residents in Poverty in Forsyth County and Peer Communities, 2016

Bars of lighter color are not significantly different from Forsyth County.



Poverty by Age

Figure 3: Percent of Residents in Poverty by Age in Forsyth County, 2016

The poverty rate of age groups younger than 35 are not significantly different from each other.
Data for age groups under 5 and 5-to-17-years have a high level of variance and should be interpreted with caution.


Poverty by Race/Ethnicity

Figure 4: Percent of Residents in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity in Forsyth County, 2016

Data for Hispanic/Latino residents have a high level of variance and should be interpreted with caution.



Poverty by Gender


Figure 5: Percent of Residents in Poverty by Gender in Forsyth County, 2016



Poverty by Location

Figure 6: Percent of Residents in Poverty by Census Tract, 2011-2015

Data for individual census tracts can have high margins of error, which sometimes happens when measuring relatively small groups.  This map is intended to help identify patterns at a high level; please contact Amanjot Kaur at Forsyth Futures for data on specific census tracts.

Extended Analysis: Poverty Rate in Forsyth County

Core Concepts
  • The poverty rate in Forsyth County in 2016 is 5 percentage points higher than in 2006.
  • Young residents and minorities are disproportionately affected by poverty in Forsyth County.
Figure 1: Percent of Residents in Poverty in Forsyth County, 2006-2016
  • Figure 1 shows that the poverty rate in Forsyth County in 2016 was 5 percentage points higher than in 2006.
  • The poverty rate of Forsyth County was not higher than most of the peer communities until 2012, as can be seen in Figure 1, and Forsyth County had a significantly higher poverty rate than North Carolina and most of the peer communities from 2012 to 2014.
2009 data for Roanoke have a high level of variance and should be interpreted with caution.
Figure 2: Percent of Residents in Poverty in Forsyth County as Compared to Peer Communities, 2016
Bars of lighter color are not significantly different from Forsyth County.
Figure 3: Percent of Residents in Poverty by Age in Forsyth County, 2016
  • Figure 3 shows that residents 65 and older have lower poverty rates than other age groups.
  • Residents younger than 35 years are almost twice as likely to be in poverty as residents 35 to 64 years and more than twice as likely to be in poverty as residents 65 years and older.
The poverty rate of age groups younger than 35 are not significantly different from each other.
Data for age groups under 5 and 5-to-17-years have a high level of variance and should be interpreted with caution.
Figure 4: Percent of Residents in Poverty by Race/Ethnicity in Forsyth County, 2016
Figure 4 shows  that the poverty rates for Hispanics/Latino residents and African American residents in Forsyth County in 2016 are both more than twice that of White, non-Hispanic residents.
Although, visually the poverty rates of African American residents and Hispanic/Latino residents appear different in Figure 4, they are not significantly different.

Data for Hispanic/Latino residents have a high level of variance and should be interpreted with caution.

Figure 5: Percent of Residents in Poverty by Gender in Forsyth County, 2016
The poverty rates of males and females looks different visually in Figure 5, but this difference is not statistically significant

Figure 6: Percent of Residents in Poverty by Census Tract, 2011-2015
As shown in Figure 6, census tracts with higher rates of poverty are clustered east of Highway 52.

Data for individual census tracts can have high margins of error, which sometimes happens when measuring relatively small groups.  This map is intended to help identify patterns at a high level; please contact Amanjot Kaur at Forsyth Futures for data on specific census tracts.

Amanjot Kaur MPH, CPH
Amanjot Kaur is a Data and Research Analyst with Forsyth Futures. She performs scientific analysis with existing data, as well as reviews and analyzes evidence pertaining to Forsyth County community issues. She holds a Master's in Public Health with a concentration in Epidemiology from the University of North Texas Health Science Center, Texas and a Bachelor’s degree in Pharmacy. In her free time, Amanjot loves going on adventures.
If you have questions or comments about the data presented in this section, please contact Amanjot Kaur at Amanjot@ForsythFutures.org or by phone at 336.701.1700 ext. 109.

References


Literature References


  1. Kushel, M., Gupta, R., Gee, L., & Haas, J. (2006). Housing instability and food security as barriers to health care among low-income Americans. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 21(1), 71-77. doi: 10.1111/j.1525-1497.2005.00278.x
  2. U.S. Census Bureau, Poverty thresholds by size of family and number of children. (2017).  Retrieved from https://www.census.gov/data/tables/time-series/demo/income-poverty/historical-poverty-thresholds.html


Tabular References

Figure 1: U.S. Department of Commerce. (2017). Poverty status in past 12 months: Table S1701 [Data files from ACS 1-year estimates for the years 2006-2016]. Retrieved from https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ACS_16_1YR_S1701&prodType=table

Figures 2, 4, 5: U.S. Department of Commerce. (2017). Poverty status in the past 12 months: Table S1701 [ Data files from ACS 1-year estimates for the year 2016]. Retrieved from https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ACS_16_1YR_S1701&prodType=table

Figure 3: U.S. Department of Commerce. (2017). Poverty status in the past 12 months: Table S1701 [ Data files from ACS 1-year estimates for the year 2016]. Retrieved from https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ACS_16_1YR_S1701&prodType=table

Figure 6: U.S. Department of Commerce. (2016). Poverty status in the past 12 months: Table S1701 [ Data files from ACS 5-year estimates for the year 2011-2015]. Retrieved from https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ACS_15_5YR_S1701&prodType=table