Social Justice / Median Income Disparities

 

Median Income Disparities

 

One measure of income inequality is determining the disparities in median income between populations. This indicator measures those gaps by looking at the ratio of median household incomes against one another. Much like income inequality, understanding disparities in household income help understand why some populations have differences in health outcomes, lower levels of social mobility, and lower levels of electoral participation.1,2

The closer the ratio is to 1, the smaller the disparity, thus, more equality between groups.

When determining median for income race/ethnicity, this indicator only considers the race/ethnicity of the householder, who is the individual who filled out the Census Bureau’s American Community Survey.

The data dashboard below shows current and recent trend data for Median Income Disparities

Dashboard: Median Income Disparities

Disparities Present in Male to Female Income

  • Forsyth County saw a significant shrinkage in gender income disparity between 2015 and 2016. However, the difference between 2015 and 2017 is not significant.

Gender Disparities in Median Income Similar to Comparison Communities

  • The male to female income ratio for Forsyth County in 2017 is similar to the ratio for comparison communities.

Forsyth County Disparities Often Similar to Comparison Communities

  • Forsyth County’s gap in wages was larger than that of Durham County’s until 2015.
  • Otherwise, the gap in wages between male and female workers was often similar to the majority of comparison communities’ each year.

Racial/Ethnic Disparities Present in Median Income

  • Within Forsyth County, the White, non-Hispanic to African American disparity and White, non-Hispanic to Hispanic/Latino disparity are similar. In fact, the difference is only significant in 2008.

Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Forsyth County Often Similar to Comparison Communities

  • The wage gap between races/ethnicities in Forsyth County is often similar. There are only two notable differences.
    • The disparity in median income between White, non-Hispanic households and African American households is greater in Forsyth County compared to North Carolina
    • The disparity in median income between White, non-Hispanic households and Hispanic/Latino households is greater in Forsyth County compared to the Nation as a whole.
Notes on Data

Median income disparities by ethnicity were derived as follows:

  • White, non-Hispanic to African American median income disparities: White, non-Hispanic median income divided by African American median income.
  • White, non-Hispanic to Hispanic/Latino median income disparities: White, non-Hispanic median income divided by Hispanic/Latino median income.
  • African American to Hispanic/Latino disparities: African American median income divided by Hispanic/Latino median income.

If you are interested in using data from this report for more rigorous purposes, please contact info@forsythfutures.org for a consultation on how best to proceed.

Literature References
  1. Raphael, D. (2000). Health Inequities in the United States: Prospects and Solutions. Journal of Public Health Policy. 1(4):394-427.
  2. Solt, F. (2010). Does Economic Inequality Depress Electoral Participation? Testing the Schattschneider Hypothesis. Political Behavior. 32(2):285-301
Data Sources

U.S. Department of Commerce. (2018). Median Income in the Past 12 Months (in… Inflation-Adjusted Dollars: Table S1903 [ Data files from ACS 1-year estimates for the year 2017]. Retrieved from https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ACS_17_1YR_S1903&prodType=table

U.S. Department of Commerce. (2018). Median Earnings in the Past 12 Months (in … Inflation-Adjusted Follards) by Sex by Work Experience in the Past 12 Months for the Population 16 Years and Over with Earnings in the Past 12 Months: Table B20017 [ Data files from ACS 1-year estimates for the year 2017]. Retrieved from https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=ACS_17_1YR_B20017&prodType=table